Ethical Principles

Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies Research and Publication Ethics Principles


  1. The Journal of Turkish Culture Studies is an international refereed publication in the field of social sciences. Submitted articles are first examined by the topic, presentation style and technical publication. Those who are eligible for publication are sent to two referees who are experts in their fields. Confidentiality is essential during the evaluation of the articles. No author names are sent to the referees, and no referees are named. In the event that the referee reports are positive, the article is taken into the publishing process. If one of the reports is positive and the other is negative, the article is sent to a third referee and act according to his decision. If the referees asked for some issues to be corrected in their reports, the articles are sent back to the author for corrections. If the author does not agree with the referee decisions, he / she should explain the reason in writing. The author(s) must not make changes and additions to the work whose refereeing process is in progress or has ended, which will significantly increase and change the content, volume and basis of the work. Upon the referee evaluations, the article is evaluated again in the editorial board and after the necessary copyright and ethical documents are obtained, the article is put into the editing / layout stage for publication. After the necessary arrangements, the doi number of the article is provided and placed in the publication order.
  2. The author is obliged to check the article with one of the plagiarism prevention software Turnit-in or iThenticate and send the similarity report to the journal in the article submission. Articles with a similarity rate of 30% and above will not be evaluated. Through this system, it is confirmed that the articles have not been published anywhere before or do not contain any plagiarism.
  3. In the articles submitted to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies, care is taken to protect the personal information. Accordingly, journal management is obliged to ensure the protection of personal data regarding the images / subjects in the articles. Personal data used in the content of the article is not published unless individuals have explicit consent. In this framework, author, editorial board, editorial board and referees are responsible for protecting the individual data in question.
  4. Issues such as freedom of opinion and property rights of articles submitted to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies are respected. Journal management is obliged to protect the intellectual property rights of all articles it deems appropriate to publish, and to defend the rights of the journal and authors in possible violations. In addition, the editorial and editorial board is responsible for taking the necessary precautions so that the content in the articles does not violate the intellectual property rights of other publications.
  5. In the articles sent to be published in the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies, respect for basic human rights and animal rights should be essential. Within this framework, ethics committee approval must be obtained for the test subjects to be used in the articles. In this context, journal management is obliged to ensure the protection of human and animal rights in articles. In cases where there is no ethical committee approval for the test subjects used in the articles or legal permissions related to experimental research, the journal is obliged to reject the article in question.
  6. The rules to be considered regarding the publication ethics in the articles sent to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies are as given in the "Actions against the scientific research and publication ethics" section in Article 8 of the YÖK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive.

The authors are required to pay attention to the ethical principles detailed below and to fulfill the required obligations:

  1. Originality and purity from plagiarism: The work presented should belong entirely to the author(s). It should not present others' ideas, methods, data, applications, writings, shapes or works as partially or entirely his own work without reference to scientific rules. If the studies of other researchers are included in the article, it should be cited appropriately and listed in the sources.
  2. Co-authoring: The authors of the candidate article should be limited to those who contribute significantly to the work presented. The authors of the article are finalized before the presentation of the article. It is unacceptable to include the names of those who did not contribute to the study in the candidate article (gift writing) or not to include the names of those who contributed (ghost writing).
  3. Acknowledgments: The authors are obliged to declare the institutions and financial resources that support the works they send, as well as those who have scientific contributions to the study in terms of sources, information-document provision and translation.
  4. Ethics committee permission and approval: In the studies that require data collection through questionnaire, scale, interview, observation etc. from the participants, the ethical committee permission must be stated in the candidate article. Evidence of sensitivity to ethical issues in the data collection process (obtain permission for use of others' scale, questionnaire, photos) must be presented in the study.
  5. Re-presentation of a published publication: Authors are expected to present their previously unpublished works to the journal. It is unacceptable that the study was sent to another journal along with its submission to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies.
  6. Slicing: Authors should not present the results of a research as separate publications in academic incentives, appointments, and promotions by disrupting the research's integrity and inappropriately by dividing it into multiple pieces.
  7. Presenting and storing raw data: Authors must present the raw data of their research when requested by editors and reviewers and retain this data even after their articles are published.
  8. Detection of errors in published articles: When the author finds that there is a significant error or mistake in his article published in the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies, he must inform the editor of the journal immediately.
  9. Fraud: The author should not produce data that is not based on the research, should not edit, modify, report, publish or present a research that has not been made as it has been made.
  10. Distortion: The author should not distort the research records and the data obtained, display the methods, devices and materials that are not used in the research as used, distort or shape the results of research in line with the interests of the individuals and organizations receiving support.
  11. Other types of ethical violations: Author must not violate any of the points in “not to clearly state the person, institutions or organizations that support the publications of the research conducted with support; and their contribution to the research; failure to comply with ethical rules in research on humans and animals; not respecting patient rights in their publications; to share the information contained in a work for which he/she was appointed to review as an arbitrator with others before publication; using the resources, places, facilities and devices provided or reserved for scientific research out of purpose; to accuse an absolutely groundless, inappropriate and deliberate violation of ethics ”.
  12. Author, Editor-Editorial Board and Other Ethical Principles of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies as follows:


  1. The copyright of the published work belongs to the author and all kinds of publishing rights belong to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies. No copyright fee is requested for the articles sent to our journal.
  2. Papers submitted to the journal must not have been previously published or sent to another journal for publication. Studies previously presented at national or international congresses or symposiums and published with a summary can be submitted by specifying these qualifications.
  3. The studies sent to our journal should not be contrary to scientific research and publication ethics. The rules stated in YÖK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive must be followed carefully.
  4. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies may request additional documents regarding the ethical status of the article while the pre-control, evaluation process and editing process of an article is ongoing.
  5. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies does not accept the change of author responsibilities (add / subtract, change order) in a publication whose evaluation process has started.
  6. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies assumes that the authors of articles submitted for publication agree to comply with these conditions.
  7. The author(s) must mention in their studies the thesis, books, articles and papers that are directly related to the subject of the article that are prepared / published before their studies in terms of subject and source analysis.



  1. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies develops the arguments that will mediate raising the quality standards of the journal.
  2. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies ensures that the author-referee relations are healthy.
  3. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies makes efforts to meet the information needs of readers and writers.
  4. The Editorial Board of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies advocates a variety of academic ideas and freedom of scientific thought. At the same time, it tries to maintain the functioning of the journal by observing intellectual property rights and ethical standards.
  5. As per the publication policy of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies, all publishing processes are carried out transparently. It maintains transparency in accordance with its publication policy in matters requiring correction, modification and explanation for any reason.



  1. According to the publication policy of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies, "Blind Refereeing and Evaluation Process" operates in our journal. In adverse situations that may occur during this process, the editorial board is authorized. Apart from legal processes, referee confidentiality is fundamental for the journal management.
  2. Each article sent to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies is sent to two independent referees outside the editorial board after the preliminary check of the technical editorial board. Referees are determined according to the content of the article. If one of the referees expresses a negative opinion, the article is directed to a third referee. The article is rejected when both referees express negative opinion.
  3. The management of the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies encourages referees to evaluate the study in a neutral, scientific and objective language.
  4. It is essential that the referees assigned to the articles sent to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies return in time and evaluate the related article by considering the scientific criteria.
  5. Referees appointed to an article sent to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies should make evaluations in accordance with minimum courtesy and avoid evaluations that are not scientific or that might have legal consequences.
  1. For articles submitted to the Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies international standards that are published by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) for Editors and Authors will be taken into consideration.

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies endorses the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) guidelines and will pursue cases of suspected research and publication misconduct (e.g. falsification, unethical experimentation, plagiarism, inappropriate image manipulation, redundant publication). For further information about COPE please see the website for COPE at and journal's Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement in below. Also Journal of Turkish Cultural Studies committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and pays regard to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), to access the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) on



Fair play and editorial independence

Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal’s scope, without regard to the authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation. Decisions to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the journal itself. The Editor-in-Chief has full authority over the entire editorial content of the journal and the timing of publication of that content.

All parties involved in the publishing process (Editors, Reviewers, Authors and Publishers) are expected to agree on the following ethical principles.

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two referees under double-blind peer review process. Plagiarism, duplication, fraud authorship/denied authorship, research/data fabrication, salami slicing/salami publication, breaching of copyrights, prevailing conflict of interest are unnethical behaviors.

All manuscripts not in accordance with the accepted ethical standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.


Editors and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Editors and editorial board members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research purposes without the authors’ explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the manuscript will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the papers; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.

Publication decisions

The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication undergo peer-review by at least two reviewers who are expert in the field. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.



Contribution to editorial decisions

Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions and, through editorial communications with authors, may assist authors in improving their manuscripts. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication and lies at the heart of scientific endeavour.


Any invited referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.


Any manuscripts received for review are confidential documents and must be treated as such; they must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the Editor-in-Chief (who would only do so under exceptional and specific circumstances). This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.

Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively and observations formulated clearly with supporting arguments so that authors can use them for improving the manuscript. Personal criticism of the authors is inappropriate.

Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that is an observation, derivation or argument that has been reported in previous publications should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Any invited referee who has conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. This applies also to invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.



Reporting standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed and the results, followed by an objective discussion of the significance of the work. The manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Review articles should be accurate, objective and comprehensive, while editorial 'opinion' or perspective pieces should be clearly identified as such. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the manuscript for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data centre), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors should ensure that they have written and submit only entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported in the manuscript should also be cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from “passing off” another’s paper as the author’s own, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission/publication

Papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Hence, authors should not submit for consideration a manuscript that has already been published in another journal. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable.

The publication of some kinds of articles (such as clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justifiable, provided that certain conditions are met. The authors and editors of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, which must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document. The primary reference must be cited in the secondary publication.

Authorship of the manuscript

Only persons who meet these authorship criteria should be listed as authors in the manuscript as they must be able to take public responsibility for the content: (i) made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, or analysis/interpretation of the study; and (ii) drafted the manuscript or revised it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agreed to its submission for publication. All persons who made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (such as technical help, writing and editing assistance, general support) but who do not meet the criteria for authorship must not be listed as an author, but should be acknowledged in the “Acknowledgements” section after their written permission to be named as been obtained. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate coauthors are included in the author list and verify that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Authors should—at the earliest stage possible (generally by submitting a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the manuscript)—disclose any conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants or other funding, participation in speakers’ bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements, as well as non-financial ones such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the work should be disclosed (including the grant number or other reference number if any).

Acknowledgement of sources

Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately (from conversation, correspondence or discussion with third parties) must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Authors should not use information obtained in the course of providing confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, unless they have obtained the explicit written permission of the author(s) of the work involved in these services.

Peer review

Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a first decision of “revisions necessary”, authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, point by point, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal by the deadline given.

Fundamental errors in published works

When authors discover significant errors or inaccuracies in their own published work, it is their obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editors or publisher and cooperate with them to either correct the paper in the form of an erratum or to retract the paper. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, then it is the authors’ obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the journal editors of the correctness of the paper.



Neither the editors nor the Editorial Board are responsible for authors’ expressed opinions, views, and the contents of the published manuscripts in the journal. The originality, proofreading of manuscripts and errors are the sole responsibility of the individual authors. All manuscripts submitted for review and publication in Journal of Ottoman Legacy Studies (JOLS), go under double-blind reviews for authenticity, ethical issues, and useful contributions. Decisions of the reviewers are the only tool for publication in the journal and will be final.


Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from